UN list of complicit companies operating in the illegal Israeli settlements

In Feb 2020 the Office of the UN Human Rights Commissioner (OHCHR) issued a report and a list of companies conducting business in illegal Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

Of the original 112 business entities identified in the report, 94 are domiciled in Israel and 18 in six other States. During the complex process of drawing up the database, the Office consulted the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights, and held widespread discussions with numerous States, civil society organizations, think tanks, academics and others, as well as having extensive interactions with the companies themselves. 

The list’s publication come after years of delay following a UN Human Rights Council mandate in 2016 for the creation of such a database (see coverage here), and concerted efforts from civil society groups to encourage the listing of these companies publicly.

Some companies on the list, such as AirBnb and JCB, have already faced international criticism for operating in Palestine. Amnesty International has also previously reported on the activities of travel companies in Palestine.

Some large companies which have been complicit in the ongoing brutal Israeli Occupation and dispossession of Palestinians from their lands such as HP, Caterpillar, Veolia and other multinationals are not on the list.

The database of companies listed by the UN initially was updated in June 2023 and the following 96 entities are now listed as being involved in business in illegal Israeli settlements

  1. Airbnb Inc. (e) United States of
  2. American Israeli Gas Corporation Inc. (e), (g) Israel
  3. Amir Marketing and Investment in
    Agriculture Inc.
    (g) Israel
  4. Amos Hadar Properties and Investments
    (g) Israel
  5. Angel Bakeries (e), (g) Israel
  6. Archivists Ltd. (g) Israel
  7. Ariel Properties Group (e), (g) Israel
  8. Ashtrom Industries Ltd. (g) Israel
  9. Bank Hapoalim B.M. (e), (f), (g) Israel
  10. Bank Leumi Le-Israel B. M. (e), (f), (g) Israel
  11. Bank of Jerusalem Ltd. (e), (f), (g) Israel
  12. Beit Haarchiv Ltd. (g) Israel
  13. Bezeq the Israel Telecommunication Corp.
    (e), (g) Israel
  14. Booking.com B. V. (e) Netherlands
  15. C Mer Industries Ltd. (b) Israel
  16. Café Café Israel Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  17. Caliber 3 (d), (g) Israel
  18. Cellcom Israel Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  19. Cherriessa Ltd. (g) Israel
  20. Chish Nofei Israel Ltd. (g) Israel
  21. Comasco Ltd. (a) Israel
  22. D.B.S Satellite Services Ltd.5 (e) Israel
  23. Delek Group Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  24. Delta Israel Brands Ltd.6 (g) Israel
  25. Dor Alon Energy in Israel 1988 Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  26. Egis Rail (e) France
  27. Egged Transportation Ltd.7 (e) Israel
  28. Electra Afikim8 (e) Israel
  29. EPR Systems Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  30. Extal Ltd. (g) Israel
  31. Expedia Group Inc. (e) United States of
  32. Field Produce Ltd. (g) Israel
  33. Field Produce Marketing Ltd. (g) Israel
  34. First International Bank of Israel Ltd. (e), (f), (g) Israel
  35. Galshan Shvakim Ltd. (e), (d) Israel
  36. Hadiklaim Israel Date Growers Cooperative
    (g) Israel
  37. Hot Mobile Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  38. Hot Telecommunications Systems Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  39. Mivne Real Estate (K.D) Ltd.9 (g) Israel
  40. Israel Discount Bank Ltd. (e), (f), (g) Israel
  41. Israel Railways Corporation Ltd. (g), (h) Israel
  42. Italek Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  43. J.C. Bamford Excavators Ltd. (a) United Kingdom of
    Great Britain and
    Northern Ireland
  44. Kavim Public Transportation Ltd. (e) Israel
  45. Lipski Installation and Sanitation Ltd. (g) Israel
  46. Matrix IT Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  47. Mayer Davidov Garages Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  48. Mekorot Water Company Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  49. Mercantile Discount Bank Ltd. (e), (f), (g) Israel
  50. Merkavim Transportation Technologies Ltd. (e) Israel
  51. Mizrahi Tefahot Bank Ltd. (e), (f), (g) Israel
  52. Modi’in Ezrachi Group Ltd. (d), (e), (g) Israel
  53. Mordechai Aviv Tassiot Beniyah 1973 Ltd. (g) Israel
  54. Motorola Solutions Israel Ltd. (e), (d) Israel
  55. Naaman Group Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  56. Nof Yam Security Ltd. (e), (d) Israel
  57. Ofertex Industries 1997 Ltd. (g) Israel
    5 Formerly listed as “Yes”.
    6 Formerly listed as “Delta Israel”.
    7 Formerly listed as “Egged, Israel Transportation Cooperative Society Ltd.”
    8 Formerly listed as “Afikim Public Transportation Ltd.”
    9 Formerly listed as “Industrial Buildings Corporation Ltd”.
  58. Opodo Ltd. (e) United Kingdom of
    Great Britain and
    Northern Ireland
  59. Partner Communication Company Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  60. Paz Oil Company Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  61. Pelephone Communications Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  62. Proffimat S. R. Ltd. (g) Israel
  63. Rami Levy Chain Stores Hashikma
    Marketing 2006 Ltd.
    (e), (g) Israel
  64. Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing
    Communications Ltd
    (e), (g) Israel
  65. Re/Max Israel (e), (g) Israel
  66. Shalgal Food Ltd. (g) Israel
  67. Shapir Engineering and Industry Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  68. Shufersal Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  69. Sonol Israel Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  70. Superbus Ltd. (e) Israel
  71. Supergum Industries 1969 Ltd. (g) Israel
  72. Tahal Group International B.V. (e) Netherlands
  73. TripAdvisor Inc. (e) United States of
  74. Twitoplast Ltd. (g) Israel
  75. Unikowsky Maoz Ltd. (g) Israel
  76. Zakai Agriculture Know-how and inputs
    (g) Israel
  77. ZF Development and Construction (g) Israel
  78. ZMH Hammerman Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  79. Zriha Hlavin Industries Ltd. (g) Israel
    C. Business enterprises involved as parent companies:
    n° Business enterprise Sub-paragraph of
    listed activity
    State concerned
  80. Alon Blue Square Israel Ltd. (e), (g) Israel
  81. Alstom S.A.10 (e), (g) France
  82. Altice International Ltd.11 (e), (g) Luxembourg
  83. Ashtrom Group Ltd. (g) Israel
  84. Booking Holdings Inc. (e) United States of
  85. Delta Galil Industries Ltd. (g) Israel
  86. eDreams ODIGEO S.A. (e) Spain
  87. Egis Group12 (e) France
  88. Electra Group Ltd.13 (e), (g) Israel
    10 “Alstom S.A.”, formerly listed as parent of “Citadis Israel Ltd.”, is retained in the present update as parent of
    “Bombardier Transportation Israel Ltd.”
    11 Formerly listed as “Altice Europe N.V.”
    12 Formerly listed as “Egis S.A.”
    13 Formerly listed as “Electra Ltd.”
  89. Export Investment Company Ltd. (e), (f), (g) Israel
  90. Hadar Group (g) Israel
  91. Hamat Group Ltd. (g) Israel
  92. Kardan N.V. (e) Netherlands
  93. Mayer’s Cars and Trucks Co. Ltd. (e) Israel
  94. Motorola Solutions Inc. (e), (d) United States of
  95. Natoon Group (e), (d) Israel
  96. Villar International Ltd. (g) Israel
    D. Business enterprise involved as licensors or franchisors:
    n° Business enterprise Sub-paragraph
    of listed activity
    State concerned
  97. Greenkote P.L.C. (g) United Kingdom of
    Great Britain and
    Northern Ireland

    – As per paragraph 32 of the 2020 report (A/HRC/43/71), a business enterprise may
    provide information indicating that it is no longer involved in the relevant listed activity and,
    should there be reasonable ground to believe that, based on the totality of information available,
    the business enterprise is ceasing or is no longer involved in the relevant activity, the business
    enterprise would be removed from the database.
    – In OHCHR’s view, the process of preparing the present update has facilitated
    continuing constructive engagement with business enterprises in particular. The update, in
    complement with the February 2020 report, serves to promote clarity and transparency with
    respect to the activities in question, and in turn to assist both Member States and business
    enterprises in complying with respective obligations and responsibilities applicable under
    international law.

This is the original list published in 2020.

 CompanyLinks to settlements (see key below)State
1.Afikim Public Transportation Ltd.(e)Israel
2.Airbnb Inc.(e)United States of America
3.American Israeli Gas Corporation Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
4.Amir Marketing and Investments in Agriculture Ltd.(g)Israel
5.Amos Hadar Properties and Investments Ltd.(g)Israel
6.Angel Bakeries(e), (g)Israel
7.Archivists Ltd.(g)Israel
8.Ariel Properties Group(e)Israel
9.Ashtrom Industries Ltd.(g)Israel
10.Ashtrom Properties Ltd.(g)Israel
11.Avgol Industries 1953 Ltd.(g)Israel
12.Bank Hapoalim B.M.(e), (f)Israel
13.Bank Leumi Le-Israel B.M.(e), (f)Israel
14.Bank of Jerusalem Ltd.(e), (f)Israel
15.Beit Haarchiv Ltd.(g)Israel
16.Bezeq, the Israel Telecommunication
Corp Ltd.
(e), (g)Israel
17.Booking.com B.V.(e)Netherlands
18.C. Mer Industries Ltd.(b)Israel
19.Café Café Israel Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
20.Caliber 3(d), (g)Israel
21.Cellcom Israel Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
22.Cherriessa Ltd.(g)Israel
23.Chish Nofei Israel Ltd.(g)Israel
24.Citadis Israel Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
25.Comasco Ltd.(a)Israel
26.Darban Investments Ltd.(g)Israel
27.Delek Group Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
28.Delta Israel(g)Israel
29.Dor Alon Energy in Israel 1988 Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
30.Egis Rail(e)France
31.Egged, Israel Transportation Cooperative Society Ltd.(e)Israel
32.Energix Renewable Energies Ltd.(g)Israel
33.EPR Systems Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
34.Extal Ltd.(g)Israel
35.Expedia Group Inc.(e)United States
36.Field Produce Ltd.(g)Israel
37.Field Produce Marketing Ltd.(g)Israel
38.First International Bank of Israel Ltd.(e), (f)Israel
39.Galshan Shvakim Ltd.(e), (d)Israel
40.General Mills Israel Ltd.(g)Israel
41.Hadiklaim Israel Date Growers Cooperative Ltd.(g)Israel
42.Hot Mobile Ltd.(e)Israel
43.Hot Telecommunications Systems Ltd.(e)Israel
44.Industrial Buildings Corporation Ltd.(g)Israel
45.Israel Discount Bank Ltd.(e), (f)Israel
46.Israel Railways Corporation Ltd.(g), (h)Israel
47.Italek Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
48.J.C. Bamford Excavators Ltd.(a)United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
49.Jerusalem Economy Ltd.(g)Israel
50.Kavim Public Transportation Ltd.(e)Israel
51.Lipski Installation and Sanitation Ltd.(g)Israel
52.Matrix IT Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
53.Mayer Davidov Garages Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
54.Mekorot Water Company Ltd.(g)Israel
55.Mercantile Discount Bank Ltd.(e), (f)Israel
56.Merkavim Transportation Technologies Ltd.(e)Israel
57.Mizrahi Tefahot Bank Ltd.(e), (f)Israel
58.Modi’in Ezrachi Group Ltd.(e), (d)Israel
59.Mordechai Aviv Taasiot Beniyah 1973 Ltd.(g)Israel
60.Motorola Solutions Israel Ltd.(b)Israel
61.Municipal Bank Ltd.(f)Israel
62.Naaman Group Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
63.Nof Yam Security Ltd.(e), (d)  Israel
64.Ofertex Industries 1997 Ltd.(g)Israel
65.Opodo Ltd.(e)United Kingdom
66.Bank Otsar Ha-Hayal Ltd.(e), (f)Israel
67.Partner Communications Company Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
68.Paz Oil Company Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
69.Pelegas Ltd.(g)Israel
70.Pelephone Communications Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
71.Proffimat S.R. Ltd.(g)Israel
72.Rami Levy Chain Stores Hashikma Marketing 2006 Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
73.Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing Communication Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
74.Re/Max Israel(e)Israel
75.Shalgal Food Ltd.(g)Israel
76.Shapir Engineering and Industry Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
77.Shufersal Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
78.Sonol Israel Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
79.Superbus Ltd.(e)Israel
80.Supergum Industries 1969 Ltd.(g)Israel
81.Tahal Group International B.V.(e)Netherlands
82.TripAdvisor Inc.(e)United States
83.Twitoplast Ltd.(g)Israel
84.Unikowsky Maoz Ltd.(g)Israel
86.Zakai Agricultural Know-how and inputs Ltd.(g)Israel
87.ZF Development and Construction(g)Israel
88.ZMH Hammermand Ltd.(g)Israel
89.Zorganika Ltd.(g)Israel
90.Zriha Hlavin Industries Ltd.(g)Israel

                         Business enterprises involved as parent companies

No.Business enterpriseSubparagraph of
listed activity
State concerned
91.Alon Blue Square Israel Ltd.(e), (g)Israel
92.Alstom S.A.(e), (g)France
93.Altice Europe N.V.(e)Netherlands
94.Amnon Mesilot Ltd.(e)Israel
95.Ashtrom Group Ltd.(g)Israel
96.Booking Holdings Inc.(e)United States
97.Brand Industries Ltd.(g)Israel
98.Delta Galil Industries Ltd.(g)Israel
99.eDreams ODIGEO S.A.(e)Luxembourg
100.Egis S.A.(e)France
101.Electra Ltd.(e)Israel
102.Export Investment Company Ltd.(e), (f)Israel
103.General Mills Inc.(g)United States
104.Hadar Group(g)Israel
105.Hamat Group Ltd.(g)Israel
106.Indorama Ventures P.C.L.(g)Thailand
107.Kardan N.V.(e)Netherlands
108.Mayer’s Cars and Trucks Co. Ltd.(e)Israel
109.Motorola Solutions Inc.(b)United States
110.Natoon Group(e), (d)Israel
111.Villar International Ltd.(g)Israel

                         Business enterprises involved as licensors or franchisors

No.Business enterpriseSubparagraph of
listed activity
State concerned
112.Greenkote P.L.C.(g)United Kingdom

Key: Nature of companies’ links to settlements

(a) The  supply  of  equipment  and  materials  facilitating  the  construction  and  the expansion of settlements and the wall, and associated infrastructure;

(b) The  supply  of  surveillance  and  identification  equipment  for  settlements,  the wall and checkpoints directly linked with settlements;

(c) The  supply  of  equipment  for  the demolition  of  housing  and  property,  the destruction of agricultural farms, greenhouses, olive groves and crops;

(d) The  supply  of  security  services,  equipment  and  materials  to  enterprises operating in settlements;

(e) The  provision  of  services  and  utilities  supporting  the  maintenance  and existence of settlements, including transport;

(f) Banking  and  financial  operations  helping  to  develop,  expand  or  maintain settlements  and  their  activities,  including  loans  for  housing  and  the  development  of businesses;

(g) The  use  of  natural  resources,  in  particular  water  and  land,  for  business purposes;

(h) Pollution, and the dumping of waste in or its transfer to Palestinian villages;

(i) Captivity  of  the  Palestinian  financial  and  economic  markets,  as  well  as practices   that   disadvantage   Palestinian   enterprises,   including   through   restrictions   on movement, administrative and legal constraints;

(j) The  use  of  benefits  and  reinvestments  of  enterprises  owned  totally  or partially by settlers for developing, expanding and maintaining the settlements.

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